课程信息
4.6
122 个评分
22 个审阅
100% 在线

100% 在线

立即开始,按照自己的计划学习。
可灵活调整截止日期

可灵活调整截止日期

根据您的日程表重置截止日期。
初级

初级

完成时间(小时)

完成时间大约为10 小时

建议:7 hours/week...
可选语言

英语(English)

字幕:英语(English), 意大利语, 西班牙语(Spanish), 巴西葡萄牙语, 中文(简体)
100% 在线

100% 在线

立即开始,按照自己的计划学习。
可灵活调整截止日期

可灵活调整截止日期

根据您的日程表重置截止日期。
初级

初级

完成时间(小时)

完成时间大约为10 小时

建议:7 hours/week...
可选语言

英语(English)

字幕:英语(English), 意大利语, 西班牙语(Spanish), 巴西葡萄牙语, 中文(简体)

教学大纲 - 您将从这门课程中学到什么

1
完成时间(小时)
完成时间为 15 分钟

Welcome to the Course

Welcome to Think Again: How to Avoid Fallacies! This course is the fourth in a series of four courses jointly titled Think Again: How to Reason and Argue. We are excited that you are taking this course, and we hope that you will take all four courses in the series, because there is a great deal of important material to learn. In the series as a whole, you learn how to analyze and evaluate arguments and how to avoid common mistakes in reasoning. These important skills will be useful to you in deciding what to believe and what to do in all areas of your life. We encounter fallacies almost everywhere we look. Politicians, salespeople, and children commonly use fallacies in order to get us to think what they want us to think. Think Again: How to Avoid Fallacies will show how to identify and avoid many of the fallacies that people use to get us to think the way they want us to think. The first part of this course introduces the series and the course. It also clarifies some peculiarities you may find with this course. We encourage you to watch the "Introduction to the Course" video first as it will help you learn more from the materials that come later....
Reading
1 个视频 (总计 5 分钟), 1 个阅读材料
Video1 个视频
Reading1 个阅读材料
Course Logistics (Start Here)10分钟
完成时间(小时)
完成时间为 3 小时

Fallacies of Unclarity

CONTENT: In this week's material we will describes two phenomena that are both common and useful in the languages that human beings speak, but both of which give rise to the potential for fallacious reasoning. A word or phrase is vague when its meaning is not precise, and it is ambiguous when it has more than one meaning. When we use vague or ambiguous phrases in our reasoning, it is very easy for us to make a number of different kinds of fallacies. This week will teach you what these different kinds of fallacies are, and give us some practice in spotting them, so you can make sure to avoid them in the future. LEARNING OUTCOMES : By the end of this week's material you will be able to: define what a fallacy is distinguish various kinds of fallacies understand the linguistic phenomena that give rise to fallacies identify various kinds of slippery slop fallacies where they occur identify various kinds of fallacies of equivocation where they occur OPTIONAL READING: If you want more examples or more detailed discussions of the fallacies that result from vaguness or ambiguity, we recommend Understanding Arguments, Ninth Edition, Chapters 13-14....
Reading
9 个视频 (总计 71 分钟), 7 个测验
Video9 个视频
Argument from the Heap7分钟
Vagueness8分钟
Conceptual Slippery Slopes6分钟
Fairness Slippery Slopes6分钟
Causal Slippery Slopes6分钟
Ambiguity8分钟
Semantic and Syntactic Ambiguity13分钟
Fallacies of Equivocation6分钟
Quiz7 个练习
Introduction to Fallacies2分钟
Vagueness10分钟
Slippery Slopes6分钟
Fairness Slippery Slopes6分钟
Causal Slippery Slopes6分钟
Semantic and Syntactic Ambiguity8分钟
Fallacies of Equivocation20分钟
2
完成时间(小时)
完成时间为 2 小时

Fallacies of Relevance

CONTENT: This week describes two of the most common fallacies that people make: ad hominem fallacies and appeals to authority. Part of what makes these fallacies so common, and so difficult to avoid, is that many ad hominem arguments, and many appeals to authority, are actually not fallacies at all! Only some of them are. And figuring out which of them are fallacies is more of an art than a science. There is no simple recipe, but there are some rules of thumb you can use. We hope that the practice that you get in this week will help you to improve your skills at distinguish the fallacious from the non-fallacious instances of ad hominem reasoning, as well as appeal to authority. LEARNING OUTCOMES: By the end of this section you will be able to: determine whether an ad hominem argument is a fallacy determine whether an appeal to authority is a fallacy OPTIONAL READING: If you want more examples or more detailed discussions of these topics, we recommend Understanding Arguments, Ninth Edition, Chapter 15....
Reading
10 个视频 (总计 68 分钟), 5 个测验
Video10 个视频
Fallacies of Relevance: Ad Hominem8分钟
Silencers10分钟
Dismissers6分钟
Deniers6分钟
Appeals to Authority6分钟
Amplifiers4分钟
Supporters4分钟
Affirmers5分钟
Appeals to Popular Opinion3分钟
Quiz5 个练习
Dismissers6分钟
Deniers6分钟
Supporters6分钟
Affirmers12分钟
Appeals to Popular Opinion10分钟
完成时间(小时)
完成时间为 1 小时

Fallacies of Vacuity and Circularity

CONTENT: Now we will describe another common set of fallacies: fallacies that occur when an argument makes no progress from its premises to its conclusion. Sometimes, arguments make no progress because the conclusion is already contained in the premises. Sometimes, arguments make no progress because the conclusion is presupposed by the premises. And sometimes, arguments make no progress because the premises don’t make any claim at all, even if they might sound like they do. When you know how to identify such fallacies, you will find that they are more common than you think! LEARNING OUTCOMES: By the end of this section you will be able to: identify various kinds of circularity or vacuity where they occur OPTIONAL READING: If you want more examples or more detailed discussions of these topics, we recommend Understanding Arguments,Ninth Edition, Chapter 16....
Reading
3 个视频 (总计 17 分钟), 3 个测验
Video3 个视频
Circularity and Begging the Question4分钟
Self-Sealers8分钟
Quiz3 个练习
Fallacies of Vacuity10分钟
Circularity and Begging the Question12分钟
Self-Sealers6分钟
3
完成时间(小时)
完成时间为 3 小时

Refutation: Its Varieties and PItfalls

CONTENT: This week we will teach you various strategies for refuting a fallacious argument. To refute an argument is to show that the argument is unsuccessful. Even if you are able to identify a fallacious argument as a fallacy, you might still not be able to prove to others that it is a fallacy. In this week, you will learn a variety of techniques for proving to others that the argument is a fallacy. LEARNING OUTCOMES: By the end of this week you will be able to: refute fallacious arguments OPTIONAL READING: If you want more examples or more detailed discussions of these topics, we recommend Understanding Arguments, Ninth Edition, Chapter 17....
Reading
7 个视频 (总计 71 分钟), 4 个测验
Video7 个视频
Refutation5分钟
Refutation by Parallel Reasoning11分钟
False Dichotomy16分钟
Reductio Ad Absurdum7分钟
Counterexamples10分钟
Attacking a Straw Man12分钟
Why Walter Should Shave His Head6分钟
Quiz4 个练习
Refutation by Parallel Reasoning22分钟
Counterexamples12分钟
Reductio Ad Absurdum14分钟
Attacking a Straw Man12分钟
4
完成时间(小时)
完成时间为 1 小时

Catch-Up and Final Quiz

This week gives you time to catch up and review, because we realize that the previous weeks include a great deal of challenging material. It will also be provide enough time to take the final quiz as often as you want, with different questions each time. We explain the answers in each exam so that you can learn more and do better when you try the exam again. You may take the quiz as many times as you want in order to learn more and do better, with different questions each time. You will be able to retake the quiz three times every eight hours. You might not need to take more than one version of the exam if you do well enough on your first try. That is up to you. However many versions you take, we hope that all of the exams will provide additional learning experiences....
Reading
1 个视频 (总计 5 分钟), 1 个测验
Video1 个视频
Quiz1 个练习
Final Exam
4.6
22 个审阅Chevron Right
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创建者 LBSep 25th 2017

This course has been incredible and more than anything because of the energy put by the instructors, I truly thank you for helping the world to become a better place to live.\n\nfrom Colombia, Luis.

创建者 CKMay 30th 2017

This course will be immensely helpful in structuring my thoughts in a logical and manner by addressing pertinent material and avoiding fallacy traps. Thank you so much!!!

讲师

Avatar

Dr. Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

Professor
Philosophy
Avatar

Dr. Ram Neta

Professor
Philosophy

关于 Duke University

Duke University has about 13,000 undergraduate and graduate students and a world-class faculty helping to expand the frontiers of knowledge. The university has a strong commitment to applying knowledge in service to society, both near its North Carolina campus and around the world....

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