课程信息
When do governments deserve our allegiance, and when should they be denied it? This course explores the main answers that have been given to this question in the modern West. We start with a survey of the major political theories of the Enlightenment: Utilitarianism, Marxism, and the social contract tradition. In each case, we begin with a look at classical formulations, locating them in historical context, but then shift to the contemporary debates as they relate to politics today. Next, we turn to the rejection of Enlightenment political thinking, again exploring both classical and contemporary formulations. The last part of the course deals with the nature of, and justifications for, democratic politics, and their relations to Enlightenment and Anti-Enlightenment political thinking. In addition to exploring theoretical differences among the various authors discussed, considerable attention is devoted to the practical implications of their competing arguments. To this end, we discuss a variety of concrete problems, including debates about economic inequality, affirmative action and the distribution of health care, the limits of state power in the regulation of speech and religion, and difficulties raised by the emerging threat of global environmental decay.
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100% 在线课程

立即开始,按照自己的计划学习。
Clock

完成时间大约为24 小时

建议:8 weeks of study, 12-15 hours/week
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English

字幕:English, Romanian, Spanish
Globe

100% 在线课程

立即开始,按照自己的计划学习。
Clock

完成时间大约为24 小时

建议:8 weeks of study, 12-15 hours/week
Comment Dots

English

字幕:English, Romanian, Spanish

Syllabus - What you will learn from this course

1

Section
Clock
1 hour to complete

Welcome to Moral Foundations of Politics

Welcome to the course. Meet your instructor and learn about the structure of the course and what makes it distinctive. ...
Reading
3 videos (Total 22 min), 4 readings
Video3 videos
The Shape of the Course6m
Expectations14m
Reading4 readings
Course Overview3m
Meet Your Instructor3m
Pre-Course Survey10m
Readings3m

2

Section
Clock
3 hours to complete

Enlightenment Political Theory

This module explores what makes a government legitimate. More specifically, was the Third Reich illegitimate and was Eichmann breaking some kind of higher law here?...
Reading
5 videos (Total 75 min), 4 readings, 1 quiz
Video5 videos
The Paradox of Discomfort and the Organization of the Course14m
Politics in the Enlightenment13m
Early vs. Mature Enlightenments15m
The Workmanship Ideal19m
Reading4 readings
Hannah Arendt, Eichmann in Jerusalem, pg. 21-55, 135-14940m
Locke, First Treatise30m
Locke, Second Treatise20m
Hobbes Lessons for the Professors of Mathematics10m
Quiz1 practice exercises
Mini Quiz - Enlightenment Political Theory20m

3

Section
Clock
7 hours to complete

Utilitarianism: Classical and Neoclassical

Classical and neoclassical utilitarianism are examined in this module starting with the historical context. Professor Shapiro then shifts to the contemporary debates as they relate to politics today....
Reading
16 videos (Total 285 min), 4 readings, 1 quiz
Video16 videos
The Theory of Classical Utilitarianism23m
The Utility Monster and the Principle of Diminishing Marginal Utility10m
The Panopticon and Bentham on Government7m
Distribution and Diminishing Marginal Utility17m
Bentham on Equality and Rights13m
Neoclassical Utilitarianism: The Philosophical Context Beginning19m
Neoclassical Utilitarianism: The Economic Context17m
Ideological Stakes of the Transition from Classical to Neoclassical Utilitarianism9m
Introduction and the Harm Principle17m
Bentham, Mill, and The Rights-Utility Synthesis14m
The Harm Principle in Practice10m
The Harm Principle and the Spectrum of Harm18m
Harm Examples12m
Is the Harm Principle Conservative?12m
Office Hours 19m
Reading4 readings
Bentham, Intro to Morals and Legislation10m
Bentham in W. Stark, Jeremy Bentham's Economic Writings, 44225m
Mill, On Liberty, Chs. 1-20m
Mill, On Liberty Ch. 530m
Quiz1 practice exercises
Utilitarianism: Classical and Neoclassical30m

4

Section
Clock
7 hours to complete

Marxism, Its Failures and Its Legacy

This module on Marx's Enlightenment theory focuses on the foundations of capitalism theory and its major weaknesses. ...
Reading
10 videos (Total 198 min), 5 readings, 1 quiz
Video10 videos
Marx as an Enlightenment Thinker15m
Marx's Challenge to Classical Political Economy20m
The Working Class12m
Exploitation - The Macro Story and the Theory of Crisis24m
Exploitation - The Micro Story14m
Marx's Overall Failures14m
Failures in the Macro Theory15m
Rethinking the Labor Theory of Value22m
Office Hours 249m
Reading5 readings
Marx and Engels, Manifesto of the Communist Party10m
Marx, Capital (Vol. I), Prefaces, Chs. I, IV, VI, XII, XVI (excerpts)45m
Marx, Critique of the Gotha Program45m
Marx, Theories of Surplus Value, Ch. XVII (Sections 8-11, 14)50m
Roemer, "Should Marxists be interested in exploitation?" Analytical Marxism10m
Quiz1 practice exercises
Marxism, Its Failures and Its Legacy30m

5

Section
Clock
8 hours to complete

The Social Contract Tradition I

This module looks at classical formulations of the Social Contract Tradition, locating them in historical context, but then shifts to the contemporary debates as they relate to politics today....
Reading
13 videos (Total 182 min), 8 readings, 1 quiz
Video13 videos
John Locke and the Workmanship Ideal10m
Locke on Consent16m
Immanuel Kant's Ethics13m
John Rawls Introduction10m
John Rawls's Enduring Innovations19m
The Veil of Ignorance7m
Principles of Justice21m
The Difference Principle17m
Problems with Rawls9m
Political Not Metaphysical8m
Political Disagreement18m
The Overlapping Consensus15m
Reading8 readings
Hobbes, Leviathan, Introduction, Chs. 13-17, 2110m
Locke, Second Treatise of Government, Chs. 2-545m
Kant, Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals0m
Rawls, A Theory of Justices, pg. 3-19, 52-56 (Sections 1-4, 11)10m
Rawls, "Social Unity and Primary Goods," sect. IV, V in John Rawls: Collected Papers10m
Rawls, A Theory of Justice, pg. 102-109, 118-123, 153-160, 221-227 (Sections 20, 21, 24, 29, 40)10m
Rawls, "Justice as fairness: political not metaphysical." Philosophy & Public Affairs 14 (1985): 226-48 (Sections 2-6)10m
Shapiro, "Resources, Capacities, and Ownership." Political Theory 19.1 (February 1991), 47-7210m
Quiz1 practice exercises
The Social Contract Tradition I30m

6

Section
Clock
4 hours to complete

The Social Contract Tradition II

This module looks at classical formulations of the Social Contract Tradition, locating them in historical context, but then shifts to the contemporary debates as they relate to politics today....
Reading
10 videos (Total 168 min), 3 readings, 1 quiz
Video10 videos
Features of Nozick's Account5m
The Invisible Hand Evolution of the State27m
Necessity and Obligation12m
Incorporating Independents9m
Compensation14m
Liberty Upsets Patterns12m
Markets and Power10m
It is Unjust for Chamberlain to Make So Much Money13m
Office Hours 351m
Reading3 readings
Robert Nozick, Anarchy, State and Utopia, pp. 3-17, 26-35 (Chs. 1-3)10m
Robert Nozick, Anarchy, State and Utopia, pp. 54-63, 78-84, 88-90, 108-119 (Excerpts from Ch. 4, 5)10m
Robert Nozick, Anarchy, State and Utopia, pp. 149-164, 174-182 (Excerpts from Ch. 7)10m
Quiz1 practice exercises
The Social Contract Tradition20m

7

Section
Clock
5 hours to complete

Anti-Enlightenment Politics

This module explores the rejection of Enlightenment political thinking, again exploring both classical and contemporary formulations....
Reading
8 videos (Total 137 min), 4 readings, 1 quiz
Video8 videos
Devlin's Conservatism16m
Introduction to MacIntyre13m
Emotivist Culture16m
Practices13m
Failure of the Enlightenment Project14m
Concluding Anti-Enlightenment Thought13m
Office Hours 425m
Reading4 readings
Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France (excerpts0m
Patrick Devlin, "Morals and the Criminal Law"10m
Alasdair MacIntyre, After Virtue, Chs. 1-310m
Alasdair MacIntyre, After Virtue, Chs. 510m
Quiz1 practice exercises
Anti-Enlightenment Politics30m

8

Section
Clock
8 hours to complete

Democracy

This module deals with the nature of, and justifications for, democratic politics, and their relations to Enlightenment and Anti-Enlightenment political thinking....
Reading
13 videos (Total 201 min), 12 readings, 1 quiz
Video13 videos
The Federalist Papers17m
The Republican Tradition8m
Discovering the General Will11m
Habermas' Deliberative Ideal13m
Deliberation in the Real World15m
The Westminster System in Practice7m
The Majority Rule11m
Competition and Democracy13m
Electoral Systems12m
Reviewing the Enlightenment15m
Democracy and Human Freedom18m
Office Hours 537m
Reading12 readings
Hamilton, Jay, and Madison, The Federalist Papers, Paper No. 1, 9, 10, 14, 39, 48, 51, 62, 70, 780m
Jean-Jaques Rousseau, The Social Contract and the First and Second Discourses, Book I Ch. 6-7, Book II Ch. 315m
William H. Riker, Ch. 5, "The Meaning of Social Choice" in Liberalism against Populism, pp. 115-2310m
Jürgen Habermas, "Three Normative Models of Democracy"10m
James Fishkin, "Deliberative Polling: Toward a Better-Informed Democracy"10m
Locke, Second Treatise of Government, Chs. 17-1910m
Joseph Schumpeter, Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy, Ch. XXI and XXII10m
Buchanan and Tullock, The Calculus of Consent, excerpt from Ch. 610m
Shapiro, "John Locke's Democratic Theory," in Locke's Two Treatises of Government, pp. 309-33240m
Douglas Rae, "The Limits of Consensual Decision"10m
Shapiro, "Elements of Democractic Justice." Political Theory10m
Post-Course Survey10m
Quiz1 practice exercises
Democracy30m
4.8

Top Reviews

By MSSep 17th 2015

excellant work dont by Dr Ian Shapiro and staff on putting such a mind turning,thought provoking MOOC on a complex and ever controversial subject known as POLITICS!..I hope to see more from them soon

By YVJun 22nd 2016

O Curso de Fundamentos Morais da Política está me ajudando muito a compreender como se dá o processo político na essência de sua natureza. Parabéns aos professores e desenvolvedores deste curso.

Instructor

Avatar

Ian Shapiro

Sterling Professor of Political Science and Henry R. Luce Director

About Yale University

For more than 300 years, Yale University has inspired the minds that inspire the world. Based in New Haven, Connecticut, Yale brings people and ideas together for positive impact around the globe. A research university that focuses on students and encourages learning as an essential way of life, Yale is a place for connection, creativity, and innovation among cultures and across disciplines. ...

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