课程信息
4.8
387 ratings
90 reviews
What is philosophy? How does it differ from science, religion, and other modes of human discourse? This course traces the origins of philosophy in the Western tradition in the thinkers of Ancient Greece. We begin with the Presocratic natural philosophers who were active in Ionia in the 6th century BCE and are also credited with being the first scientists. Thales, Anaximander, and Anaximines made bold proposals about the ultimate constituents of reality, while Heraclitus insisted that there is an underlying order to the changing world. Parmenides of Elea formulated a powerful objection to all these proposals, while later Greek theorists (such as Anaxagoras and the atomist Democritus) attempted to answer that objection. In fifth-century Athens, Socrates insisted on the importance of the fundamental ethical question—“How shall I live?”—and his pupil, Plato, and Plato’s pupil, Aristotle, developed elaborate philosophical systems to explain the nature of reality, knowledge, and human happiness. After the death of Aristotle, in the Hellenistic period, Epicureans and Stoics developed and transformed that earlier tradition. We will study the major doctrines of all these thinkers. Part I will cover Plato and his predecessors. Part II will cover Aristotle and his successors....
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建议:5 weeks of study, 1-3 hours/week

完成时间大约为15 小时
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Globe

100% 在线课程

立即开始,按照自己的计划学习。
Calendar

可灵活调整截止日期

根据您的日程表重置截止日期。
Clock

建议:5 weeks of study, 1-3 hours/week

完成时间大约为15 小时
Comment Dots

English

字幕:English

教学大纲 - 您将从这门课程中学到什么

1

章节
Clock
完成时间为 1 小时

Aristotle’s Categories

Aristotle’s anti-Platonic metaphysics: the ultimate realities are ordinary objects of our experience, like people and animals. Each of these is a substances, the most fundamental type of being....
Reading
6 个视频(共 49 分钟), 1 个阅读材料, 2 个测验
Video6 个视频
Introduction to Aristotle5分钟
Subjects and Predicates8分钟
Universals and Particulars8分钟
Substance and Subject11分钟
Subjects of Change8分钟
Reading1 个阅读材料
Aristotle's Categories10分钟
Quiz2 个练习
Subjects and Predicates10分钟
Substances & Subjects10分钟

2

章节
Clock
完成时间为 2 小时

Aristotle's Natural Philosophy

Natural substances have matter and form, and natural processes are goal-directed. Every living thing, plants and animals included, has a soul that moves it....
Reading
6 个视频(共 57 分钟), 2 个阅读材料, 3 个测验
Video6 个视频
Nature12分钟
Is Form or Matter Nature?5分钟
The Four Causes10分钟
Natural Teleology10分钟
Soul As Cause8分钟
Reading2 个阅读材料
Aristotle's Physics10分钟
Aristotle's On the Soul10分钟
Quiz3 个练习
Change & Nature6分钟
Causes in Nature10分钟
Aristotelian Souls4分钟

3

章节
Clock
完成时间为 2 小时

Aristotle's Ethics

The motion of the universe is eternal and its cause is an eternal unmoved mover, Aristotle’s god. Our goal in life is to achieve happiness, which comes in two varieties: the human happiness we achieve by exercising the virtues of character, and the godlike happiness we achieve when we grasp eternal truths....
Reading
9 个视频(共 83 分钟), 2 个阅读材料, 2 个测验
Video9 个视频
The First Mover of the Cosmos9分钟
The Unmoved Mover10分钟
The Goal of Life7分钟
What Are You Doing With Your Life?6分钟
Happiness and Living Well9分钟
Pleasure and the Human Function9分钟
Virtue of Character8分钟
Godlike Virtue10分钟
Reading2 个阅读材料
Aristotle's Metaphysics10分钟
Aristotle's Ethics10分钟
Quiz2 个练习
The Unmoved Mover10分钟
Aristotle's Ethics10分钟

4

章节
Clock
完成时间为 2 小时

Epicureanism

Epicureans return to the atomism of Democritus, and find no purpose in nature. Philosophy is a therapeutic practice that removes fear and anxiety and provides us with the tranquility (ataraxia) of the gods....
Reading
8 个视频(共 66 分钟), 4 个阅读材料, 2 个测验
Video8 个视频
Nature and the Gods9分钟
Therapeutic Philosophy9分钟
Death Is Nothing To Us6分钟
What's Wrong With Death?7分钟
Ataraxia8分钟
Restricting Desire7分钟
Enduring Pain8分钟
Reading4 个阅读材料
The Letter to Menoeceus10分钟
The Letter of Epicurus to Herodotus10分钟
On the nature of the gods10分钟
Principal Doctrines10分钟
Quiz2 个练习
Gods and Death8分钟
Pleasure and Pain12分钟
4.8
Briefcase

83%

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热门审阅

创建者 DVAug 19th 2016

Very much enjoyed this course. Some areas were a review but in others I was able to gain a great deal of new insight into the philosophies that were covered. Many Thanks!

创建者 NKJul 13th 2017

Absolutely amazing course. Very excellent teacher. She is eloquent, knowledgable and effective at teaching. The only sad part is that she only has 2 courses on Coursera.

讲师

Susan Sauvé Meyer

Professor
Department of Philosophy

关于 University of Pennsylvania

The University of Pennsylvania (commonly referred to as Penn) is a private university, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. A member of the Ivy League, Penn is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States, and considers itself to be the first university in the United States with both undergraduate and graduate studies. ...

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