课程信息
What is philosophy? How does it differ from science, religion, and other modes of human discourse? This course traces the origins of philosophy in the Western tradition in the thinkers of Ancient Greece. We begin with the Presocratic natural philosophers who were active in Ionia in the 6th century BCE and are also credited with being the first scientists. Thales, Anaximander, and Anaximines made bold proposals about the ultimate constituents of reality, while Heraclitus insisted that there is an underlying order to the changing world. Parmenides of Elea formulated a powerful objection to all these proposals, while later Greek theorists (such as Anaxagoras and the atomist Democritus) attempted to answer that objection. In fifth-century Athens, Socrates insisted on the importance of the fundamental ethical question—“How shall I live?”—and his pupil, Plato, and Plato’s pupil, Aristotle, developed elaborate philosophical systems to explain the nature of reality, knowledge, and human happiness. After the death of Aristotle, in the Hellenistic period, Epicureans and Stoics developed and transformed that earlier tradition. We will study the major doctrines of all these thinkers. Part I will cover Plato and his predecessors. Part II will cover Aristotle and his successors.
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100% 在线课程

立即开始,按照自己的计划学习。
Clock

完成时间大约为15 小时

建议:5 weeks of study, 1-3 hours/week
Comment Dots

English

字幕:English
Globe

100% 在线课程

立即开始,按照自己的计划学习。
Clock

完成时间大约为15 小时

建议:5 weeks of study, 1-3 hours/week
Comment Dots

English

字幕:English

Syllabus - What you will learn from this course

1

Section
Clock
1 hour to complete

Aristotle’s Categories

Aristotle’s anti-Platonic metaphysics: the ultimate realities are ordinary objects of our experience, like people and animals. Each of these is a substances, the most fundamental type of being....
Reading
6 videos (Total 49 min), 1 reading, 2 quizzes
Video6 videos
Introduction to Aristotle5m
Subjects and Predicates8m
Universals and Particulars8m
Substance and Subject11m
Subjects of Change8m
Reading1 readings
Aristotle's Categories10m
Quiz2 practice exercises
Subjects and Predicates10m
Substances & Subjects10m

2

Section
Clock
2 hours to complete

Aristotle's Natural Philosophy

Natural substances have matter and form, and natural processes are goal-directed. Every living thing, plants and animals included, has a soul that moves it....
Reading
6 videos (Total 57 min), 2 readings, 3 quizzes
Video6 videos
Nature12m
Is Form or Matter Nature?5m
The Four Causes10m
Natural Teleology10m
Soul As Cause8m
Reading2 readings
Aristotle's Physics10m
Aristotle's On the Soul10m
Quiz3 practice exercises
Change & Nature6m
Causes in Nature10m
Aristotelian Souls4m

3

Section
Clock
2 hours to complete

Aristotle's Ethics

The motion of the universe is eternal and its cause is an eternal unmoved mover, Aristotle’s god. Our goal in life is to achieve happiness, which comes in two varieties: the human happiness we achieve by exercising the virtues of character, and the godlike happiness we achieve when we grasp eternal truths....
Reading
9 videos (Total 83 min), 2 readings, 2 quizzes
Video9 videos
The First Mover of the Cosmos9m
The Unmoved Mover10m
The Goal of Life7m
What Are You Doing With Your Life?6m
Happiness and Living Well9m
Pleasure and the Human Function9m
Virtue of Character8m
Godlike Virtue10m
Reading2 readings
Aristotle's Metaphysics10m
Aristotle's Ethics10m
Quiz2 practice exercises
The Unmoved Mover10m
Aristotle's Ethics10m

4

Section
Clock
2 hours to complete

Epicureanism

Epicureans return to the atomism of Democritus, and find no purpose in nature. Philosophy is a therapeutic practice that removes fear and anxiety and provides us with the tranquility (ataraxia) of the gods....
Reading
8 videos (Total 66 min), 4 readings, 2 quizzes
Video8 videos
Nature and the Gods9m
Therapeutic Philosophy9m
Death Is Nothing To Us6m
What's Wrong With Death?7m
Ataraxia8m
Restricting Desire7m
Enduring Pain8m
Reading4 readings
The Letter to Menoeceus10m
The Letter of Epicurus to Herodotus10m
On the nature of the gods10m
Principal Doctrines10m
Quiz2 practice exercises
Gods and Death8m
Pleasure and Pain12m

5

Section
Clock
4 hours to complete

Stoicism

A providential god is at work in every detail of the cosmos, where everything happens by fate. Our goal in life is to accommodate ourselves to this divine nature by giving up our concern for (but not our pursuit of) worldly objectives....
Reading
9 videos (Total 72 min), 4 readings, 3 quizzes
Video9 videos
God in Nature7m
Following Nature7m
A Good Flow of Life6m
The Goal vs. The Target6m
The Lazy Argument9m
What Is Up To Us10m
Stoic Compatibilism8m
Conclusion7m
Reading4 readings
The Enchiridion10m
On the nature of the gods10m
De Fato (On Fate)10m
De Finibus (On Ends)10m
Quiz2 practice exercises
Stoic Natural Philosophy and Ethics14m
Fate and Human Action8m
4.8
Briefcase

83%

got a tangible career benefit from this course

Top Reviews

By SKApr 3rd 2016

An excellent start to get knowledge about the philosophy principle of the ancient thinkers. Their vision have influenced the way of thinking in European and Western culture.

By DVAug 19th 2016

Very much enjoyed this course. Some areas were a review but in others I was able to gain a great deal of new insight into the philosophies that were covered. Many Thanks!

Instructor

About University of Pennsylvania

The University of Pennsylvania (commonly referred to as Penn) is a private university, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. A member of the Ivy League, Penn is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States, and considers itself to be the first university in the United States with both undergraduate and graduate studies. ...

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