课程信息
4.7
698 个评分
166 个审阅
What is philosophy? How does it differ from science, religion, and other modes of human discourse? This course traces the origins of philosophy in the Western tradition in the thinkers of Ancient Greece. We begin with the Presocratic natural philosophers who were active in Ionia in the 6th century BCE and are also credited with being the first scientists. Thales, Anaximander, and Anaximines made bold proposals about the ultimate constituents of reality, while Heraclitus insisted that there is an underlying order to the changing world. Parmenides of Elea formulated a powerful objection to all these proposals, while later Greek theorists (such as Anaxagoras and the atomist Democritus) attempted to answer that objection. In fifth-century Athens, Socrates insisted on the importance of the fundamental ethical question—“How shall I live?”—and his pupil, Plato, and Plato’s pupil, Aristotle, developed elaborate philosophical systems to explain the nature of reality, knowledge, and human happiness. After the death of Aristotle, in the Hellenistic period, Epicureans and Stoics developed and transformed that earlier tradition. We will study the major doctrines of all these thinkers. Part I will cover Plato and his predecessors. Part II will cover Aristotle and his successors....
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Approx. 14 hours to complete

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Globe

100% 在线课程

立即开始,按照自己的计划学习。
Calendar

可灵活调整截止日期

根据您的日程表重置截止日期。
Clock

Approx. 14 hours to complete

建议:4 hours/week...
Comment Dots

English

字幕:English, Spanish...

教学大纲 - 您将从这门课程中学到什么

Week
1
Clock
完成时间为 2 小时

The Milesians & Heraclitus

Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes and Xenophanes seek the material principle of the cosmos, and arrive at a radical new conception of the gods. Heraclitus distills the essence of their “naturalism” in his riddling slogans....
Reading
8 个视频(共 53 分钟), 2 个阅读材料, 2 个测验
Video8 个视频
How We Study the Pre-Socratics4分钟
Fragments and Sources4分钟
Philosophers or scientists?7分钟
The Material Principle5分钟
God in Nature?5分钟
Heraclitus on the LOGOS10分钟
Heraclitus on Change5分钟
Reading2 个阅读材料
Milesians Readings10分钟
Heraclitus Readings10分钟
Quiz2 个练习
Milesians16分钟
Heraclitus10分钟
Week
2
Clock
完成时间为 2 小时

Parmenides to Plato

Parmenides poses a fundamental philosophical challenge to all naturalistic inquiry when he denies the intelligibility of change. Later naturalists (Empedocles, Anaxagoras, and Democritus) respond to his challenge. Plato’s portrait of Socrates raises questions about the nature of philosophy, its role in public life, and the relation between morality and religion....
Reading
8 个视频(共 61 分钟), 3 个阅读材料, 2 个测验
Video8 个视频
Parmenides Against Change7分钟
Responses to Parmenides7分钟
Naturalism after Parmenides9分钟
Plato and Socrates6分钟
Socrates in the Apology6分钟
Piety in the Euthyphro7分钟
Morality and Religion5分钟
Reading3 个阅读材料
Parmenides10分钟
Plato's Apology10分钟
Plato's Euthyphro10分钟
Quiz2 个练习
Parmenides and His Legacy10分钟
Plato’s Apology and Euthyphro10分钟
Week
3
Clock
完成时间为 2 小时

Plato on Virtue, Teaching, & Justice

What is virtue, and how can it be taught? What is teaching anyway, and how could we ever acquire knowledge? Socrates gives a geometry lesson purporting to show that learning is recollection. Why should we act justly? What’s in it for us? An elaborate analogy between a city and a human soul seeks to convince us that crime never pays, even if the criminal can escape detection....
Reading
10 个视频(共 74 分钟), 4 个阅读材料, 2 个测验
Video10 个视频
Teachers of Virtue?6分钟
Theory of Recollection8分钟
Was Socrates Teaching?7分钟
Meno's Paradox7分钟
Knowledge vs. True Belief8分钟
Is Justice a Virtue?10分钟
The Just City5分钟
The Just Soul9分钟
Rational Injustice?6分钟
Reading4 个阅读材料
Plato's Meno10分钟
Republic Book 110分钟
Republic Book 210分钟
Republic Book 410分钟
Quiz2 个练习
Plato's Meno10分钟
Plato's Republic10分钟
Week
4
Clock
完成时间为 4 小时

Plato on Reality & Goodness

The ultimate realities are intelligible Forms, while the world of our experience is only an image of that reality. Goodness is a fundamental feature of the world. Plato’s cosmology: the creation of the universe (complete with a world soul) and the principles of mathematical perfection that structure it at every level....
Reading
6 个视频(共 58 分钟), 4 个阅读材料, 3 个测验
Video6 个视频
The Real and the Good8分钟
The Creation of the World6分钟
The World Soul12分钟
Plato's Mathematical Physics13分钟
Conclusion to Part 16分钟
Reading4 个阅读材料
Republic Book 510分钟
Republic Books 6-710分钟
Plato's Timaeus10分钟
Credits10分钟
Quiz2 个练习
Republic Books 5-710分钟
Plato's Timaeus14分钟
4.7

热门审阅

创建者 LLMar 9th 2016

Good intro to early Greek philosophy. Dr Meyer has a simple and subtly humorous approach to the material. Dr Meyer makes the subject approachable so that the student wants to do further reading.

创建者 AHMar 17th 2016

Highly recommended. This course was a great guide to understand to pre socratic philosophers. Professor Susan Sauvé Meyer is very clear in her explanations. Thanks a lot. I enjoy the course.

讲师

Susan Sauvé Meyer

Professor
Department of Philosophy

关于 University of Pennsylvania

The University of Pennsylvania (commonly referred to as Penn) is a private university, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. A member of the Ivy League, Penn is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States, and considers itself to be the first university in the United States with both undergraduate and graduate studies. ...

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